Some Famous Supreme Court Cases


Marbury v. Madison (1803)

Marbury v. Madison - The Decision

Background Information - Background information about the case from the James Madison Center.

Judiciary Act of 1789 - The law passed by Congress that was declared unconstitutional.

Article III of the US Constitution - with annotations from Findlaw.com.

John Marshall Biography - Biographical data on Chief Justice John Marshall from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)

The Dred Scott Case - The Decision

Lincoln Speech - Future President Abraham Lincoln's famous speech about the Dred Scott decision.

The Missouri Compromise of 1820 - A compromise between the US Senate and House of Representatives regarding the slave/free status of Missouri, Maine and the Louisiana Purchase. This law was the basis of Scott's case and it was effectively ruled unconstituional by the Decision.

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

Plessy v. Ferguson - The Decision

Amendment 13 - The Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution

Amendment 14 - The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution

Jim Crow Laws - The site jimcrowhistory.org has many essays about the "Jim Crow" segregation laws that were passed following the Plessy Decision.

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

Brown v. Board of Education - The Decision

Brown Foundation - for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research

Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site - A part of the US National Park Service.

Looking Back - NPR special on the case.

Thurgood Marshall - As a lawyer, Thurgood Marshall argued Brown case. He was later appointed Justice of the US Supreme Court.

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

Engel v. Vitale - The Decision

Engel v. Vitale - Abridged Decision

Amendment 1 - The First Amendment to the US Constitution

First Amendment Center - The First Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University

Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

Gideon v. Wainwright - The Decision

Amendment 6 - The Sixth Amendment to the US Constitution

Roe v. Wade (1973)

Roe v. Wade - The Decision

RoevWade.org - A prolife website with information about the decision

History And Impact - The history and impact of the decision from plannedparenthood.org

The Casey Decision - The case of Planned Parenthood of Southeastern PA v. Casey essentially replaced Roe v. Wade as dominant precedent in abortion.